Specialized PipeDiver® tool uses electromagnetic technology to identify wall loss on metallic pipes

24-Detector PipeDiver tool

Advanced PipeDiver tool developed for condition assessment of metallic pipes.

Pure Technologies (Pure) never says no to an engineering challenge. If a client has a particular pipeline assessment or monitoring challenge to overcome in order to make a rehabilitation decision, we’ll do whatever it takes to help our clients solve the problem.

Pure Technologies embraces research and development (R&D), with a strong dedication to continually develop new technologies and improve upon existing inspection systems. This attitude of taking a winning platform and making it better was demonstrated again with the introduction of the optimized PipeDiver, an advanced, multi-sensor tool developed specifically for the condition assessment of metallic pipes within pressurized pipe networks.

PipeDiver inspection tool operates while the pipeline remains in service

As a technology platform, PipeDiver is a versatile, free-swimming condition assessment tool that operates while the pipeline remains in service, often providing an easier and less costly alternative than inspection methods that require a shut-down or dewatering.

Two men working with a PipeDiver device

The PipeDiver platform is ideal for critical, large-diameter lines that cannot be removed from service due to operational constraints or lack of redundancy. The PipeDiver tool requires only a 12-inch access, and can be deployed on pipelines that range from 16 inches up to 120 inches.

The tool can be deployed, collect information on pipeline condition and extracted in a single mobilization.

As the PipeDiver platform can be equipped with a closed circuit television (CCTV) camera, the tool is able to record and deliver video images from the inside of the pipeline (quality depends on water clarity).

PipeDiver Cammera working

Tool able to navigate most butterfly valves, tees and pipeline bends

To begin an inspection, the tool is balanced to be neutrally bouyant and inserted into a pressurized or depressurized pipeline through a tap connection, or an existing access point. The tool travels with the product flow, and utililzes flexible petals to navigate butterfly valves, tees and bends in the pipeline.

Originally designed for use in pressurized concrete cylinder pipes (PCCP), the tool has specialized electromagnetic sensors (PureEM) to identify and locate broken prestressing wire wraps, (one of the main structural components and failure modes of a prestressed concrete pipe).

Historically, technologies available to assess the condition of metallic pipe have been full diameter tools (“Smart Pigs”) unable to traverse most water or wastewater pressure pipelines due to inline valve restrictions and limited access for insertion and retrevial of a full diameter tool. These challenges led Pure’s R&D to develop the specialized PipeDiver for metallic pipes, equipped with advanced electromagnetic technology to identify localized areas of wall loss.

The PipeDiver electromagnetic (EM) technology can also be used in bar wrap pipelines to identify broken bars and steel cylinder damage, the two main structural components bar wrap pipe.

PipeDiver device inside a pool of water

Utilities Kingston welcomes PipeDiver to assess its metallic pipeline

Since its introduction, the optimized PipeDiver platform has been deployed for various projects in Europe, Canada and the U.S.

This year Utilities Kingston agreed to pilot the new technology as part of a comprehensive condition assessment on its Dalton Avenue (North End) Pump Station Force Mains. The pipelines are both approximately 1,550 meters long and follow a parallel route for approximately 1 kilometer.

The older of the two force mains is 450 mm (18-inch) in diameter, constructed of ductile iron built in the late 1950s, and had failed several times over its lifetime. The newer of the two force mains is 600 mm (24-inch) in diameter, built from an unspecified concrete pipe from the early 1960s. As the pipe material specifics were still unknown at the time of the inspection, the Pure elected to conduct a PipeDiver run to accommodate both possible types of pipe material – assumed by all to be bar wrapped pipe (BWP) and prestressed concrete cylinder pipe (PCCP).

Force main defects can vary from one pipe material to another

During a forensics exercise on the 600 mm force main using earlier PipeDiver technology, it was revealed that the actual pipe material included 102 suspected metallic pipes, which were not identified as such in the original plan and profile drawings.

This included ductile ironsteel and unexpectedly, reinforced concrete pipe (RCP), which is not usually used in pressurized environments. Electromagnetic inspection of the RCP can only reveal anomalies on the circumferential cage and not the longitudinal bars.

Inserting the PipeDiver device through an inspection hole

Optimized PipeDiver tool deployed in wastewater

Pure deployed its optimized PipeDiver tool to conduct a quality analysis of the 450 mm pipe. The purpose of the inspection was to locate and identify steel and ductile iron pipes that have indications of wall loss.

This marked the first condition assessment of metallic pipe using the optimized PipeDiver in wastewater, an exercise that confirmed the validity of the tool’s sensor technology.

Results lead to actionable information regarding rehabilitation

Of the 650 pipes inspected with the PipeDiver tool, a total of 55 pipes in the 450 mm Dalton Avenue Pump Station Force Main had electromagnetic anomalies characteristic of localized wall loss.

The data collected gave Utilities Kingston a better understanding of their real, not assumed assets. The results, which included a DIP risk of failure analysis, were used to complete a structural evaluation of the force mains, and have provided UK with actionable information regarding any necessary repairs or rehabilitation.

PipeDrive device revision after the inspection has finished