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For Malaysia water operator, NRW leak detection program recognized as major success
At Singapore International Water Week 2016, one of Pure`s licencees presented a poster on two acoustic-based technologies (tethered Sahara® and free-swimming SmartBall®) used to locate 674 leaks on large-diameter trunk mains operated by this Malaysia water operator.
Asset management for sewer systems
Traditional methods of wastewater condition assessment focuses almost exclusively on the gravity system and valve actuation, using tools such as smoke testing, CCTV, and zoom cameras. While effective on gravity mains and valves, these methods are not applicable in force mains. Inspecting force mains is more challenging due to lack of redundancy, lack of access points, cost, technology limitations, while the consequence of force main failures can be significant financially, environmentally and socially.
What’s in the numbers? Analysis of 400 miles of force main inspection and condition assessment data
Comprehensive condition assessment of wastewater force mains provides significant challenges to owners/operators of collection systems as the ability to shut down or expose the pipeline for a thorough inspection is often impractical due to operational and/or financial considerations. Traditional gravity sewer inspection techniques (i.e. visual based technologies) do not always transfer easily to their wastewater pressure pipe counterparts and visual assessments do not provide the structural condition of force main – something that is critical in determining the true pipe condition. Therefore, a different set of inspection tools and assessment techniques is required for force mains.
Numbers don’t lie: PCCP performance and deterioration based on a decade of condition assessment data
Since the late 1990s there have been numerous inspection and monitoring projects focused on identifying and quantifying wire break damage in PCCP water and wastewater pressure mains.
Failure risk of bar-wrapped pipe with broken bars and corroded cylinder
This study investigates the behavior of a deteriorating BWP under various levels of distress and various internal pressures. The results based on a 24-inch pipe transmission main, are used to define criteria to evaluate the performance of a damaged BWP. Based upon the finite element results obtained in this study, suggestions for future work are presented and discussed.
Liability for damage due to water main breaks or leaks
The topics of liability and negligence as they relate to water main failures are discussed from both a historical and current viewpoint. The historical perspective is provided in a 1948 Journal AWWA article, and we consider changes in liability issues from that time to the present. Case studies from various states are also presented that will provide water utilities insights into sovereign immunity and what constitutes discretionary function.
Beyond the wires: a sustainable approach to prestressed concrete cylinder pipe management
While evaluating wire breaks are an important part of PCCP management, it is important to acknowledge additional factors beyond wire breaks. By acknowledging additional condition factors, limitations of wire break assessment, and considering other rehabilitation approaches, there may be a more sustainable PCCP management approach (or combination of approaches).
Pipeline condition assessment. The essential engineering step in asset management
Condition assessment is a critical step in the asset management process. It is the point at which problems and challenges are understood and crystallize into definite plans,both operational and financial. This paper will describe the condition assessment process and its role within asset management. It will also describe the key elements in the condition assessment process and how they achieve the purpose of the assessment. This will include risk assessment, document and records review, physical inspection and finally distilling and interpreting all the data to make an assessment. This serves as a platform for all subsequent management decisions. The author will draw on examples of condition assessment projects in which he has been involved around the world.
When to intervene? Using rates of failure to determine the time to shut down your PCCP line
Performing structural evaluations of aged civil engineering structures has traditionally been performed on a static basis. The condition of the structure is tested either destructively or non-destructively to determine its present day condition and the strength is evaluated to determine if the structure can safely withstand anticipated loads. One of the problems with managing structures in this fashion is that structures do not behave in a static fashion. This is especially true for large diameter PCCP (Prestressed concrete cylinder pipeline) mains that have wire break damage resulting from corrosion or cracking from hydrogen embrittlement. Given the variability in rate of deterioration in a PCCP main the risk associated with a pipe section changes with time. Pipe sections where risk is deemed to be acceptable may change to a point where risk is not acceptable in a relatively short duration of time. This phenomenon has been observed on multiple pipe sections. This paper examines the rate of deterioration of PCCP mains to evaluate how risk changes or does not change with time and how this information can be used to determine when a pipeline should be repaired.
An advanced method of condition assessment for large-diameter mortar-lined steel pipelines
This paper describes the development and application of an advanced method of condition assessment for large-diameter, cement mortar-lined steel pipelines operated by the Hetch Hetchy Water and Power Project of the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission.
An innovative solution for loss reduction & asset management in trunk mains
In the past, the focus for leak detection programs in water delivery systems has been primarily on distribution (reticulation) networks and service connections. Even today, trunk main leaks tend to be addressed only when there is a pipe rupture
Assessing sewer force mains
Pure Technologies provides innovative technology and engineering solutions to manage pressurized pipelines and specializes in condition assessment of sewer force mains.
Expansion of monitoring system on man-made river project using acoustic fiber optic technology
Located in Libya, the Man-Made River pipeline is the one of the largest water projects in the world, with more than 4000km of mainly four metre diameter prestressed concrete cylinder pipe (PCCP) in operation.
Practical asset management and monitoring saves millions on problematic PCCP mains
This paper summarizes two prestressed concrete cylinder pipe (PCCP) assessment projects, including the findings of the inspections and the decisions that WSSC was forced to make in light of the inspection results.
Technologies to assess and manage of providence water’s 102-inch PCCP aqueduct
In 1996, Providence Water experienced a catastrophic failure of its 102" PCCP aqueduct pipeline. Subsequently, the main underwent an extensive assessment and repair and was returned to service with plans that the main would be re-inspected in approximately 5 years.
City of Phoenix superior pipeline PCCP investigation and assessment
The City of Phoenix is currently in a multi-year program to investigate 150 miles of prestressed concrete cylinder pipelines (PCCP). The failure of a 60-inch pipeline focused the efforts of the investigation to a pipeline known as the “Superior” pipeline